Monitoring diabetes is extremely important.
The key word for diabetes care is are balancing, beacause the desirable outcome is a regular and good lifestyle.
You have to learn how to balance your blood sugar levels.
Good balancing requires good test results which provides information for making the right decisions and actions.
- There are two ways of testing your blood sugar levels:
- Blood test.
- Urine test.
Doctors usually prefer the blood test for several reasons:
- Blood tests give immediate and precise results which allow you to treat your body in the most efficient way.
- You can do self testing of blood glucose, and even more than one in a day.
That can give you a precise estimation of the effects of the food you eat or the exercises you do on your blood sugar level.
You can learn from those self tests about the best ways to balance your blood sugar levels and the best ways to cope with diabetes.
- The urine test can point on high levels of blood sugar only when the levels are already very high.
It can be misleading because the amount of sugar in the urine may not reflect the current level of sugar in the blood, while the blood test is immediate.
If you want a good independent control of your diabetes, my best recommended method is to do self testing blood glucose level.
The self testing requires only a little drop of blood which you can obtain by a small prick in the finger.
You can find it nearly painless. You put the drop of blood on the special test strip pad of your diabetes self testing kit, and follow the instructions included with your personal sensor or meter.
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Your diabetes educator or physician may prescribe some tests for you several times a day. It could be before meals, it could be 2 hours after meals, it could be at bedtime, or in the early morning hours (between 3 a.m. to 5 a.m. because blood sugar levels increases at that hours).
Remember that good results of your blood sugar level should be 100-140 mg/dl before meals and 140-180 mg/dl after meals.
Results of 140-180 mg/dl before meals and 180-220 mg/dl after meals are not so good but still not horrible.
Although you have measured your blood sugar levels by yourself, there is the urine test which your diabetes educator or physician may instruct you to do if he wants to measure the presence of Ketones.
For all of those who don't know or remember what Ketones are, you can read about it in the diagnosis
There is another way to monitor your average blood sugar levels in the past 2-3 months. It is the Glycosylated Hemoglobin
, or HbA1C
test. Hemoglobin is a protein in the red blood cells. When the glucose is bound to the hemoglobin it becomes "Glycosylated"
We can track and monitor the average blood glucose levels over the preceding 3 months which is the lifetime of red blood cells with their hemoglobin.
If the average level of the Glycosylated hemoglobin in those 3 months is high, it means that your blood sugar level is high too.